Five U.S. firms including Chevron Corp (CVX.N) signed agreements on Wednesday with the Iraqi government aimed at boosting Iraq’s energy independence from Iran as the Iraqi prime minister prepared to make his first visit to the White House on Thursday.
The U.S. Department of Energy in a statement said that Honeywell International Inc (HON.N), Baker Hughes Co (BKR.N), General Electric Co (GE.N), Stellar Energy and Chevron signed commercial agreements worth as much as $8 billion with the Iraqi ministers of oil and electricity.
Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi is set to visit the White House for the first time on Thursday and as the Iraqi economy has been hammered by coronavirus lockdowns and low oil prices. Protests that began last year led to the resignation of cabinet officials and later to the departure of the former prime minister.
“These deals are key to Iraq’s energy future, and I am confident that the same companies that have empowered the United States to become energy independent will deploy their deep expertise to help Iraq achieve its full potential in the energy sector,” U.S. Energy Secretary Dan Brouillette said in a statement.
The agreements were signed following a meeting of the Iraqi ministers of oil and electricity and Brouillette as well as a roundtable in Washington on Wednesday with the Iraqi prime minister and the U.S. energy industry.
A senior administration official, briefing reporters separately ahead of the Energy Department statement, said officials would discuss national security issues in addition to economic collaboration.
General Electric Co (GE.N) said it had signed two new agreements valued at over $1.2 billion with the Iraqi Ministry of Electricity, to undertake maintenance programs across key power plants in the country and bolster its transmission network.
The U.S. conglomerate was also working with multiple export credit agencies to facilitate financing of more than $1 billion for the projects, it said in a statement here on Wednesday.
The deals come as U.S. companies plan to unveil investments and agreements with Iraq’s government during Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi’s first visit to the White House on Thursday.
Oil company Chevron Corp (CVX.N) is expected to sign an agreement with Iraq on Wednesday to develop one of the country’s large oil fields.
According to a Wall Street Journal report on Monday, U.S. and Iraqi officials also intend to unveil progress toward finalizing natural gas and power-technology deals with Honeywell International Inc (HON.N) and Stellar Energy.
U.S. President Donald Trump on Thursday redoubled his promise to withdraw the few U.S. troops still in Iraq, but said Washington would remain ready to help if neighboring Iran took any hostile action.
Speaking during his first meeting with Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi, Trump said he looked forward to the day when U.S. troops could exit the country, but said U.S. businesses were already making “very big oil deals” there.
“We’ll be leaving shortly,” Trump told reporters. “We have very few soldiers in Iraq … but we’re there to help. And the prime minister knows that,” Trump said. “If Iran should do anything, we will be there to help the Iraqi people.”
The president declined to lay out a timetable for a full withdrawal.
Trump’s first meeting with the Iraqi leader comes amid a new spike in tensions between Washington and Tehran after Washington said it would seek to reinstate all previously suspended U.S. sanctions on Iran at the United Nations.
Al-Kadhimi, who has challenged the power of Iran-aligned armed groups in Iraq, took office in April, becoming the third Iraqi head of state after months of deadly protests in a country exhausted by decades of war, corruption and economic challenges.
Washington is pressing for an extension of a U.N.-imposed arms embargo against Iran that is due to expire in October under Tehran’s 2015 nuclear deal with world powers, which the United States quit in 2018.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo told reporters the United States was working with Iraqi officials to get the number of U.S. troops in Iraq “down to the lowest level as quickly as we can.” The United States has had around 5,000 troops stationed in the country, and coalition allies another 2,500.
Al-Kadhimi told reporters that Iraq was in discussions with Turkey over what he called its “unacceptable” involvement in northern Iraq. Iraq’s constitution explicitly banned use of its territory to attack any neighboring country, he said.
The United States and Iraq in June affirmed their commitment to the reduction of U.S. troops in Iraq in coming months, with no plans by Washington to maintain permanent bases or a permanent military presence in Iraq.
Since 2014, the primary mission of U.S. troops deployed in Iraq has been defeating the Islamic State militant group. Officials in the U.S.-led coalition say Iraqi forces are now mostly able to handle the insurgents on their own.
Iraq’s parliament had voted earlier this year for the departure of foreign troops from Iraq, and U.S. and other coalition troops have been leaving as part of a drawdown.
Even as U.S. forces exit Iraq, U.S. energy companies are expanding their investments in the oil-rich nation, which has been hard hit by the COVID-19 pandemic and low oil prices.
Five U.S. firms, including Chevron Corp, signed agreements on Wednesday with the Iraqi government aimed at boosting Iraq’s energy independence from Iran.