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Iran dodges sanctions with BitCoin technology

Around 4.5% of all bitcoin mining takes place in Iran, allowing the country to earn hundreds of millions of dollars in cryptocurrencies that can be used to buy imports and lessen the impact of sanctions, a new study has found.

At its current level of mining, Iran’s bitcoin production would amount to revenues close $1 billion a year, according to figures from blockchain analytics firm Elliptic.

Figures mentioned in January by Iranian officials are not very far off from this estimate. The government said that annual mining of cryptocurrencies amounts to $660 million a year.

The United States imposes an almost total economic embargo on Iran, including a ban on all imports including those from the country’s oil, banking and shipping sectors.

While exact figures are “very challenging to determine”, Elliptic estimates are based on data collected from bitcoin miners by the Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance up to April 2020, and statements from Iran’s state-controlled power generation company in January that up to 600 MW of electricity was being consumed by miners.

Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are created through a process known as mining, where powerful computers compete with each other to solve complex mathematical problems. The process is energy intensive, often relying on electricity generated by fossil fuels which Iran is rich in.

Iran offers cheap, subsidized electricity and it is even cheaper in special economic zones where many Chinese entities involved in crypto mining have set up shop.

The country’s central bank prohibits the trading of bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies mined overseas, although the currencies are widely available on the black market, according to local media reports. Daily trading in Iran is estimated to be more than $20 million.

Iran officially recognized crypto mining as an industry in recent years, offering it cheap power and requiring miners to sell their mined bitcoins to the central bank. The prospect of cheap power has attracted more miners, particularly from China, into the country. Teheran allows cryptocurrencies mined in Iran to pay for imports of authorized goods.

“Iran has recognized that bitcoin mining represents an attractive opportunity for a sanctions-hit economy suffering from a shortage of hard cash, but with a surplus of oil and natural gas,” the study finds.

The electricity being used by miners in Iran would require the equivalent of around 10 million barrels of crude oil each year to generate, around 4% of total Iranian oil exports in 2020, according to the study.

“The Iranian state is therefore effectively selling its energy reserves on the global markets, using the Bitcoin mining process to bypass trade embargoes,” the study reads.

“Iran-based miners are paid directly in Bitcoin, which can then be used to pay for imports – allowing sanctions on payments through Iranian financial institutions to be circumvented.”

Financial firms that have started offering cryptocurrency services, particularly in the United States, should consider potential sanctions they are exposed to due to Iranian bitcoin mining, Elliptic said. 

Source: Iran International

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One comment

  1. Angel NicGillicuddy

    NOBODY knows how much
    nor where are
    the PAPER US dollars
    operating in Iran
    as financing
    for terrorist organizations.
    Iran International is allowed to
    spread the propaganda about
    because these kind of articles do not threaten
    The Invisible Enemy
    at all.
    Put the spotlight on
    the hidden secret PAPER US dollars.
    All the money (in whatever form)
    which Biden is sending over to
    The Middle East now
    will end up in few years
    as MORE PAPER US dollars
    for financing
    MORE trouble.
    Declare demurrage on The US dollar,
    like Trump was planning to do.
    watch for Trump Money
    with demurrage.
    The HOARDABLE loan money will be paid off
    in full (including the interest)
    and then
    become obsolete
    like very old technology.
    will NEVER be able to compete
    unhoardable money with demurrage.
    Yours Truly,

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