Eastern Libya’s military commander Khalifa Haftar on Sunday sought to open a new front by moving forces towards the city of Misrata, which is allied to the internationally recognized government, officials and residents said.
The pick-up in fighting erodes a shaky truce and comes a day after the United Nations warned that an arms embargo was being violated by foreign powers backing rival Libyan camps.
The United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Russia, Turkey had agreed with western powers at a summit in Berlin last Sunday to push for a lasting ceasefire and uphold an existing arms embargo.
But Haftar’s Libya National Army (LNA) moved from the central city of Sirte towards Misrata.
Fighting between the LNA and forces from Misrata was centered on the town of Abugrain, 120 km east of Misrata itself, both sides confirmed.
Two LNA fighters were killed and eight wounded, an LNA source said, adding that his forces later retreated taking some prisoners with them.
In April, Haftar launched an offensive on Tripoli and has made small gains with the help of Russian and African mercenaries.
Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan, who has been sending troops to defend Tripoli, said Haftar cannot be trusted.
The Libyan general abandoned talks on a ceasefire in Moscow this month and blocked oilfields during the Berlin summit.
The LNA is backed by the United Arab Emirates and Egypt, while Turkey supports the Tripoli prime minister, Fayez al-Serraj.
Speaking during a visit to Algeria, Erdogan said Libya “should not be allowed to turn into a playground for terrorist organizations and warlord”.
Before leaving for Algeria, Erdogan said Haftar’s forces had repeatedly violated the ceasefire. “He’s continuing attacks with all his resources. However, he will not be successful here.”
Libya has had no stable central authority since the toppling of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. It has had two rival governments, in the east and the west, for more than five years, with streets controlled by armed groups.
In Berlin, foreign powers agreed to form a special committee made up of five military officials from each side to shore up the shaky truce. They are due to meet for the first time this week in Geneva.
The U.N. mission in Libya said on Saturday numerous cargo flights bringing advanced weapons, trucks and fighters from countries that took part in the summit have been landing in western and eastern Libya.