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Russia and the diplomatic defense of the Islamic Republic of Iran

By Sajad Abedi, International Relations Advisor in the Ministry of Interior

 

Defense diplomacy is part of the national power of a country that, along with foreign policy, forms the source of power to enhance the capacity of action of a country in foreign relations. This diplomacy will not only monitor the application of diplomatic policy, but also guarantee the sharing of diplomacy in defense policy.

Indeed, the link between defense and military activities with diplomatic activities can be a powerful interconnected tool of national power. On the other hand, the use of defense diplomacy will be effective both during peace and war as well as in preventing conflicts and even using the capacities of the international environment to strengthen the capabilities for wartime (including the provision of armed forces’ readiness).

Accordingly, defense diplomacy for Iran is a strategy to strengthen the efforts of the defense sector in the process of reconstruction of the country’s prosperity. Therefore, the achievement of vast capabilities in defense diplomacy requires understanding of the periphery, a deep understanding of Iran’s position, theorizing and conceptualization to create a dialogue to strengthen the country’s defense capabilities, which inevitably have to rely on global domination and the common discourse in this area is the knowledge of global politics.

In this context, Iran is also considered to be a regional power that has historically had an environmental role, with Iran’s defensive capabilities growing somewhat after the revolution. But this cannot be considered as the only component of enhancing the regional defense capabilities of Iran. Because of the cross-border security conflicts in Iran’s regional environment, the use of defense treaties is the most desirable for Iran.

Defense diplomacy is a mechanism that plays an important role in achieving the goals of the country’s specific security or foreign policy. The goal of the defense diplomacy is to create the desired political, national and international conditions for the preservation and expansion of the national and vital values ​​of the country against actual and potential enemies. In this regard, the realization of Iran’s defense strategy within the framework of the defense guide requires a combination of two hard and soft areas.

Defense cooperation in Iran is based on the foreign policy framework of the country. Foreign policy determines the type and scope of political and even economic and military cooperation of a country with other countries. In such a case, the objectives of defense diplomacy are in the general objectives of foreign policy, and defense diplomacy is a subset of foreign policy.

Iran’s defense guidelines are organized with a value-oriented approach and belief in the power and power of “universal civil defense”. The foundations of this paper are “Religious Beliefs and Beliefs”, “The Supreme Command and Controls of the Total Power”, “The Soul of Independence, Self Esteem and Self-Recognition”, “Modern Technologies”, “The Climatic, Geopolitical, and Geostrategic Conditions of the Country”, “Defense Experience” “Sacred world experiences”, “the ideas and theories of the defense and security elites” and “the idea of ​​a future war”. Its basic principles are “preserving the values ​​of the Islamic Revolution,” “preventing any armed conflict,” and “preparing the state to defend itself and using the armed forces to defend vital interests.”

The realization of Iran’s defense strategy within the framework of defense guidelines requires a combination of two hard and soft areas. Hence, a part of the means of production in the Ministry of Defense is of a strict nature, the production and supply of which constitutes one of the major barriers to deterrence, and the production of power tools and promotion of Iran’s defense capabilities can be considered in this area. Another part of the threat management tool is the software approach. In this regard, the development of soft technology and the movement of defense diplomacy can be considered as a necessity to achieve soft deterrence, because both deterrents have a complementary role. Regarding these issues, establishing a link between “military industries”, “service industries” and “defense diplomacy” has provided the ground for promoting the maximum national defense capability.

The activation of the issue of defense diplomacy in the Islamic Republic of Iran is an important feature of the defense sector’s activities in the process of reconstruction of the defense base of the country. This reconstruction has two basic infrastructure and superstructure. In the infrastructure sector, structural changes and increasing the function of defense industry organizations and hardware upgrades can be highlighted today, which has led to the pride and glory of the Islamic Republic of Iran. In the superstructure, investments can be made in the field of research and development of defense studies and the activation of defense diplomacy. In the past, the Ministry of Defense, as an armed forces support, was recognized only in two areas of military-defense and welfare, and in fact its third role in supporting the diplomacy of the armed forces and the significant role of the country’s defense and security policy was neglected. The decade of the year 2001 is the beginning of the attention and action of the Defense Ministry in this field.

On the other hand, the ultimate goal of the armed forces in the twenty years of the country is “deterrence.” The main function of defense diplomacy can be seen in the realization and implementation of the deterrence strategy and its application in the interaction of the political unit with other units of the international system. Accordingly, deterrence strategy is considered as the most important principle in defining the scope of defense diplomacy and military and defense strategy. Defending diplomacy, with an emphasis on the prevention element, provides the conditions that, prior to any confrontation; the political unit can achieve its own interests and goals and, in the best of all, divide power in various fields.

Generally speaking, defense diplomacy, as one of the policy areas of the state, has an important role in achieving the goals of the armed forces by creating favorable political conditions for the preservation and development of national and national values ​​against enemies. Rapid and ongoing progress in the key area of the social, economic, political, cultural, and military community in our day requires the planner to identify and validate the variables that can bring the system and its sub-systems in the future in any way and to any other the amount affected. Planning, if successful, should have a long look to the future. A prospect of defense diplomacy makes it possible for Iran will assess its current situation with future demands and plan accordingly for the future to achieve the desired regional and strategic objectives.

The Islamic Republic of Iran considers defense diplomacy to strengthen the efforts of the defense sector in the process of rebuilding the country’s defense base, which has been used as a new concept and has been emphasized in the formulation of a national defense and national security strategy. In this context, Iran’s relations with Russia are becoming increasingly important in the overall political defenses of Iran. Given Russia’s strong position in the global power hierarchy, Iran-Russia defense cooperation can provide important achievements for Iran and regional stability and strengthening deterrence strategy.

Defense diplomacy is part of the national power of a country that, along with foreign policy, forms the source of power to enhance the capacity of action of a country in foreign relations. This diplomacy will not only monitor the application of diplomatic policy, but also guarantee the sharing of diplomacy in defense policy.

Indeed, the link between defense and military activities with diplomatic activities can be a powerful interconnected tool of national power. On the other hand, the use of defense diplomacy will be effective both in times of peace and war, as well as in preventing conflicts and even using the capacities of the international environment to strengthen the capabilities and effects of wartime (including the provision of NDM’s needs).

In this context, Iran is also considered to be a regional power that has historically had an environmental role, with Iran’s defensive capabilities growing somewhat after the revolution. But this cannot be considered as the only component of improving regional defense capabilities of Iran. Because of the cross-border security conflicts in Iran’s regional environment, the use of defense treaties is the most desirable for Iran. Accordingly, “Russia” is one of the countries and options of interest and interest of Iran in this regard.

Iran’s relations with Russia are also increasingly important in the overall political defenses of Iran. Meanwhile, the gradual increase of Russia’s political, military, and economic power in global affairs has strengthened that Tehran, in the form of a doctrine of looking at the West, could bring a new and broader level of relations by strengthening defense diplomacy in the form of strategic partnerships with Russia, design and experience. Although there are still different perspectives on Russia’s position in the global system, the commonalities of all these perspectives indicate that Russia’s place in the hierarchy of global power has been steady. Hence, the proximity and defense cooperation between Iran and Russia can be a major achievement for Iran to achieve regional stability and strengthen deterrence.

However, there are two perspectives in the country regarding the relationship with Russia and its evolution: one sees Russia’s approach to Iran as opportunistic, and the Russians only think of their economic-political interests, and in fact with Iran’s card they’re playing. The other view, by contrast, believes that Russia is a supporter of Iran, but a country that has its own limitations. It should have had a great deal of expectation from this country. A clear indication of both views in the Russian dualistic approach can be seen in the Security Council’s resolutions and Iran’s nuclear program.

Under the US defense policy and at a macro level, as Iran in the Middle East should not be identified as a regional hegemony, Russia also has a regional hegemony and should be limited in its formal boundaries. Therefore, Iran and Russia have common goals and interests in controlling the extent of US influence in the region. Therefore, the logic of close proximity between the two countries will be important from a strategic and political point of view, based on the elimination of the American threat and the expansion of military and defense cooperation to increase the role of both countries. On the other hand, the Persian Gulf states, Pakistan and even Azerbaijan, as the immediate security environment of the country, have made significant purchases with the United States and Israel in the field of military capabilities and weapons, which will change the balance of power to the detriment of Iran.

In response to this trend, along with domestic capabilities, the conclusion of military agreements with Russia, the exchange of information, as well as the exchange of military advisers in a regular program to compensate for these shortcomings seems necessary. Realizing this by defending Iran’s defense diplomacy in the form of a proper understanding of Russia’s future military capabilities and capabilities and its military and defense capabilities will provide a better prospect for the country’s military commanders to realize the above-mentioned issues.

In addition, these relationships face significant constraints. The strategic choice of Russia and its special ties to the great powers in the framework of the “peaceful development” approach on the one hand, and the “special” of Iran in the international arena, on the other hand, open the door to serious restrictions on these relations. But what’s more important than that is a change that is taking place in US politics. This change does not mean structural transformation, but the shift in focus, focus and geopolitics, the degree of US attention to issues, and the way foreign policy discourse is formatted, and the national security and defense strategy.

The most prominent symbol of this transformation is visible in politics, called the de-consolidation of the Middle East and gravitation towards Asia and the Pacific. As a result, any shift in US strategic priorities and policies toward Asia-Pacific will have a comparative advantage for Iran in the Middle East and the Persian Gulf.

Therefore, it seems that the trends in the security environment of both Iran and Russia are reversed, and as a result, Iran would be in a better position to bargain with Russia. And the conditions in Russia are such that Iran’s defense diplomacy will be relevant to Russia. On this basis, the activation of the country’s defense diplomacy with Russia will be an effective step towards increasing national power.

 

 

 

 

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